FREDERICK McKINLEY JONES
Frederick McKinley Jones was born in Cincinnati in
1892. He was orphaned when he was nine years old, and he had to quit school
after finishing the sixth grade. He found a job and worked hard to support
Jones was always interested in taking machines apart and putting them together again. As he grew older he enjoyed designing racing cars that he drove on racetracks. Jonesís name drew attention in the 1920ís when he invented some machine parts that made it possible for silent movie projectors to run films with sound. His invention was much better and cheaper than one already on the market.
In 1935 Jones began work on the invention that was to make him famous. One day his employer was playing golf with a farmer. The farmer complained that he had lost many truckloads of his crops because they had spoiled during the shipping. Jonesís employer said that perhaps his company could build a truck to solve the problem of foodís spoiling while it was being taken across the country. When Jones heard what his employer had told the farmer, he began putting old odds and ends of machinery together. When he had finished building his machine, he attached it to a truck.
Jones had created the first mechanically refrigerated
truck. This meant that food could be shipped longer distances across the
country without spoiling. Fresher and better food would be awaiting the
American people in stores. Jonesís invention was a success. His
employer formed a company to make the new machines. Jones became the
vice-president of the company.
Joneís mechanical refrigerating system was soon placed in ships and railway cars. And today that same system is used to transport rocket fuel. The American people would not enjoy many of the good foods they eat if it were not for Frederick Jonesís wonderful invention.
patent = a grant made by the government to an inventor, assuring all rights to make, use, and sell an invention.
SOME OF THE MORE THAN 40 PATENTS GRANTED TO JONES
June 27, 1939 Ticket Dispensing Machine
Dec. 14, 1943 Removable Cooling Unit for Compartments
Dec. 21, 1943 Automatically Starting and Stopping Gas Engine
July 12, 1949 Air Conditioning Unit
July 12, 1949 Starter Generator
Nov. 28, 1950 Two-Cycle Internal-Combustion Engine
Jan. 8, 1952 Refrigeration Control Device
Feb. 12, 1957 Method and Means for Preserving Perishable Foodstuffs in Transit
Feb. 23, 1960 Thermostat and Temperature Control System
Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office